Aquaculture involves rearing aquatic animals under controlled conditions to supplement natural supply, essentially an underwater equivalent of agriculture. Worldwide there is a growing demand to substitute wild harvest of fish species with aquaculture. One of the benefits of aquaculture is that it can produce a product of consistent form on a regular basis. The black-footed päua and the yellow-footed päua are both being farmed commercially in New Zealand for meat and pearls. This is a small but fast-growing market and research is being conducted to enhance productivity.

Information sourced from Statistics New Zealand.